## s is the mean positional error (~0.02 nm)

## k is Boltzmann’s constant (~1.38 x 10-23 J/K)

## T is the temperature (~300 K)

## ks is the stiffness (~ 10 N/m)

## See page 91 of Nanosystems for a derivation and further discussion

Previous slide | Next slide | Back to first slide | View graphic version |